Examples of GIS Uses

Crime

Three things are needed for a crime to occur: a motivated offender, a suitable target and a location. Ability of GIS to store, manage, analyze and display location data makes it a very valuable tool in law enforcement for mapping, visualizing and analyzing patterns and trends associated with criminal activities.

Urban Planning

Urban planning is a process focused on development and design of land use and the built environment. It includes transportation, utility systems, communication networks and other infrastructures passing into and out of urban areas. It has to both fit in with existing infrastructures and also to comply with regulatory demands.

Environmental Impact Analysis

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process of examining the anticipated effects a proposed project or development would have on the environment through consultation and preparation of an Environmental Impact Assessment Report (EIAR). It determines approval for development or construction by local authorities.

Disaster Management and Mitigation

Emergency management agencies need to incorporate real-time, location based data and other critical data feeds in order to effectively plan, mitigate and respond to natural disasters. Federal, state and local agencies put in place mitigation plans that include assessing, identifying and mapping areas of high risks.

Natural Resources Management

The Natural Resources Conservation Services (NRCS) has been conducting regular inventories of natural resources (water bodies, vegetation, wetlands etc.) for almost 50 years. These inventories are conducted at various scales as the basis for land-based decision making for use and conservation.

Wildlife Tracking/Monitoring

Many wildlife species are on the brink of extinction due to habitat loss caused by urban over development, deforestation, poaching and other factors.

Banking

Geographic variations in consumer and business behaviours and demands affect performance of banks and other financial institutions.

Asset Management

One goal all asset managers have is to minimize costs of owning, operating and maintaining assets while improving level of service. Many public works organizations have assets spread over very large geographical areas.

Conclusion

Location based decisions play a very important role in improving quality of life. Use of GIS leads to faster and more concise decisions.

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Ally Fumo

Ally Fumo

Former GIS Analyst in Oil and Gas industry turned Copywriter.